A premarital agreement is a contract, signed by two persons who are about to be married. It sets forth rules that will apply when the marriage ends, either in death or divorce. It can also set forth rules to govern how the parties will deal with their property during the marriage.
Married persons do not have to sign a premarital agreement. The law already provides rules for dividing property and awarding support upon divorce, and rules for dividing property upon death. If the two people do not have a premarital agreement, these normal rules apply. The purpose of a premarital agreement is to contract out of the normal rules, and to apply different rules in their place.
To understand whether you need a premarital agreement, you need to first understand the rules that will apply if you do not have an agreement. If those rules are acceptable to both parties, there is no need to sign a premarital agreement. If those rules are not acceptable, and the spouses can agree upon a different set of rules that they both like better, there is reason to sign a premarital agreement.
The rules that apply without an agreement vary from state to state. This blog post will discuss the rules that apply to division of property upon divorce, and why spouses might want to sign an agreement that applies different rules.
In North Carolina, when a marriage ends in divorce, the court divides the parties’ property into two categories. “Separate property” which is usually property acquired before the marriage, or property acquired by gift or inheritance during the marriage. Separate property is not divided upon divorce. “Marital property” is everything that is not separate property, and it is divided equitably between the spouses. The presumption is that an equal division is equitable, but the presumption can be rebutted by proof that another decision is fairer. See generally N.C. Gen. Stat. (“G.S.”) § 50-20.